Indian Pharmacopoeia is defined as a collection or stock of drugs. Other Words from pharmacopoeia. It also covers pharmaceutical starting materials, excipients, intermediates and finished pharmaceutical products. The chairman of Indian pharmacopoeia is P. K. Pradhan, Secretary in 1956. In 1944 chairman was R.N chopra.

After independence from Britain the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission was established in 1948 with its main function being the publication of IP as the national pharmacopoeia. The first edition of the IP was published in 1955 and the current 8th edition was published in 2018.

Let us see the edition list of Indian pharmacopoeia and its salient features.

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The Indian pharmacopoeia promote public & animal health in India by bringing out authoritative and officially accepted by standards for quality of drugs including active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), excipients and dosage forms, health professionals, patients and Indian Pharmacopoeia is familiar to the consumers in Indian sub-continent as a mandatory drug name suffix. Drugs manufactured in India are labelled with the mandatory non-proprietary drug name with the suffix I.P. let us see the volumes and addendum of 8 editions IP.


Salient Features of Indian Pharmacopoeia

01. First Edition

  • The weights and measures have been given in the metric system.
  • All statements contained in the individual monographs have been considered to constitute standards for the official substances.
  • Doses are expressed both in the metric system as well as in the English system.
  • A list of preparations has been given at the end of some of the monographs.
  • The temperature has been expressed in Celsius thermometric scale.

02. Second Edition

  • The titles of monographs have been changed from Latin to English.
  • The words of the title have been transposed to give the name of the drug first.

For example: Injection of Aminophylline has been changed to Aminophylline Injection.

03. Third Edition

  • Dissolution test was introduced in the case of certain tablets.
  • The Disintegration Test has been amended by modifying the design of apparatus and method of testing.
  • A microbial limit test has been prescribed for certain pharmaceutical aid & oral liquid preparation.

04. Fourth Edition

  • Drugs manufactured in India have to be labelled with the mandatory non-proprietary drug name with the suffix I.P.
  • It contains 1149 monographs and 123 appendices and is available in two volumes.

05. Fifth Edition

The use of chromatographic methods has been extended in assays to a large number of pharmaceutical products.

06. Sixth Edition

  • There are 34 therapeutic categories chapters and 591 drug monographs & 23 appendices are included in this edition.
  • The NFI is aligned with National Health Programmes and National List of Essential Medicines.

07. Seventh Edition

2548 monographs of drugs out of which 577 are new monographs consisting of APIs, excipients, dosage forms, antibiotic monographs, insulin products & herbal products etc. 19 New Radiopharmaceutical Monographs &1 General chapter it is first time being included in this edition.

08. 8th Edition

General Chemical tests & Thin Layer Chromatography(TLC)for identification of an article have almost eliminated the more specific infrared, ultraviolet spectrophotometer.


This article concludes briefly about Indian pharmacopoeia and its salient features. We hope it will help to clear doubts. If you have any doubts regarding this article you can ask in the comment box. If you like this article please bookmark the page.

Frequently Asked Questions

These are some commonly asked questions regarding Indian pharmacopoeia and its salient features.

01. When was the IP commission established and how many editions are present in IP?

Indian pharmacopoeia was established in 1948. Eight editions are present in Indian pharmacopoeia.

02.How many monographs and appendices are present in the fourth edition?

In the fourth edition 1149 monographs are present and 123 appendices are present.

03.When seventh edition was an addendum and how many volumes are in 8th edition?

Seventh edition was added in 2015,2016 and in the eight edition there are 4 volumes.

04.Define addendum?

Addendum is defined as an addition to a finished document.The most common addendum is an attachment  at the end of such a document.

Ravuri Hrullekha

She's a B.Pharm student at Narayana Pharmacy College and an intern at PharMSkooL. She's really interested in blogging and has her own website.

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